Vercel, Next.js, and Python

Vercel launched Next.js Python templates for FastAPI and Flask! Here's some background info on Vercel and Next.js, and check out the video where look into the templates and work through setting one up in VSCode.

Vercel, Next.js, and Python
Vercel

Vercel launched Next.js Python templates for FastAPI and Flask! Here's some background info on Vercel and Next.js, and check out the video where look into the templates and work through setting one up in VSCode. There are some interesting integrations to explore below, in case you're looking for project inspiration. Have fun!

P.s. I'm not endorsed by, or affiliated with Vercel, Next.js, Flask, FastAPI, or anyone or anything mentioned here for that matter. 😉


Next.js Python Templates for FastAPI and Flask

Next.js Python Templates

Video Description

In this quick introduction to Next.js Python starter templates for FastAPI and Flask, we'll explore the Vercel website and understand the concepts behind Vercel and Next.js. We'll then work through a Next.js Python template, along with its corresponding GitHub repository. Using VSCode, we'll learn how to clone and edit the starter app GitHub repo, run the Flask server, and modify the Flask API route function. Additionally, I'll point you towards valuable tutorials and documentation resources for Next.js and Vercel.

Firstly, let's introduce Vercel, a cloud platform specializing in serverless deployment and hosting for static websites and serverless functions. Then there's Next.js, a widely adopted React framework for building server-side rendered and statically generated web applications. You'll find Next.js Python templates on the Vercel website, including examples using Flask, Django, and a custom HTTP request handler based on the BaseHTTPRequestHandler class from the http.server module.

Our main focus will be on the Next.js starter templates for FastAPI and Flask. These are not just serverless functions but complete web applications. We'll concentrate on the Flask starter template, which combines Next.js frontend capabilities with Flask's backend functionality. This integration empowers you to develop full-stack web applications using React and Python.

To understand the template better, we'll explore a demo site where the Flask API is incorporated into the Next.js starter template. The Flask route decorator and route function play a crucial role in this integration. We'll examine the corresponding GitHub repository, specifically the index.py file in the API folder, where you'll find the basic Flask Hello World example.

Returning to the Next.js Python template for Flask landing page, we'll discuss the rewrites configuration in the next.config.js file, which enables redirection of requests to the Flask API route. During development, the API requests are directed to the specific port where the Flask server is running. In production, when deploying with Vercel, the Flask server is hosted as Python serverless functions.

Now, let's clone the Flask starter repository in VSCode. Ensure you have Node.js and NPM installed. Once cloned, we'll install the project's dependencies and run the development server using the npm run dev command.

We'll access the Flask server's address in the browser, and edit the index.py file to  modify the Flask route function.

For more information on Next.js, I recommend visiting the tutorial section on the Next.js website. It offers comprehensive learning resources starting from basic JavaScript and progressing to React and Next.js. You can check out the FastAPI documentation, and the Flask documentation, for more info on building Python APIs with FastAPI and Flask. For more information on deploying serverless functions and apps with Vercel, refer to the Vercel documentation, covering topics such as deployments, GitHub integration, custom domains, and project monitoring.


Vercel

Vercel: Develop. Preview. Ship. For the best frontend teams
Vercel is the platform for frontend developers, providing the speed and reliability innovators need to create at the moment of inspiration.

Vercel is a cloud platform for deploying and hosting web applications. It provides an infrastructure that enables developers to deploy their projects quickly and easily, offering seamless integration with popular frameworks and tools. Vercel focuses on static and serverless deployments, making it ideal for modern web development practices.

Some key features and benefits of Vercel include:

Static Site Hosting

Vercel specializes in hosting static websites, allowing you to deploy your frontend applications with ease. It provides a global content delivery network (CDN) that ensures fast and reliable content delivery to users worldwide.

Serverless Functions

Vercel supports serverless functions, enabling you to deploy server-side logic and API endpoints without managing a separate server infrastructure. This allows you to build dynamic and scalable applications without the complexity of managing servers.

Continuous Deployment

Vercel offers seamless integration with version control systems like Git. It provides automatic deployments, allowing you to easily push updates to your repository and have your changes deployed to production instantly.

Scaling and Performance

Vercel automatically scales your applications based on demand, ensuring that your websites and serverless functions can handle high traffic without any performance degradation. It also optimizes assets and leverages advanced caching techniques to deliver fast-loading web pages.

Custom Domains and SSL Certificates

You can easily configure custom domain names for your applications on Vercel. It provides SSL certificates for secure communication, allowing you to serve your websites over HTTPS without any additional setup.

Analytics and Monitoring

Vercel offers built-in analytics and monitoring tools that provide insights into the performance and usage of your applications. You can track metrics, monitor errors, and gain valuable insights to optimize your projects.

Vercel supports a wide range of frameworks, including Next.js, React, Angular, Vue.js, and more. It aims to streamline the deployment process and simplify the hosting of web applications, empowering developers to focus on building great user experiences.


Next.js

Next.js is a popular open-source framework for building web applications using React. It is built on top of React and provides a set of features and conventions that make it easier to develop scalable and production-ready applications. Next.js enables server-side rendering (SSR), static site generation (SSG), and client-side rendering (CSR), allowing developers to choose the best approach for their application's needs.

Here are some key features and benefits of Next.js:

Server-side Rendering (SSR)

Next.js allows you to render React components on the server, providing faster initial page loads and improved SEO. SSR ensures that the content is pre-rendered on the server and delivered as fully rendered HTML to the client.

Static Site Generation (SSG)

Next.js supports static site generation, where pages are pre-rendered at build time. This approach is ideal for content-focused websites that don't require real-time data. SSG provides fast and efficient performance, as the pages are served as static HTML files.

Client-side Rendering (CSR)

Next.js also supports client-side rendering, allowing components to be rendered and updated on the client-side using JavaScript. This approach is useful for dynamic and interactive parts of your application that require real-time data updates.

Automatic Code Splitting

Next.js automatically splits your JavaScript code into smaller chunks, allowing for efficient loading and rendering of pages. Only the required code for each page is loaded, optimizing performance and reducing initial load times.

Routing

Next.js provides a simple and intuitive routing system. You can define page routes easily using the file system as the API, creating a clear and organized structure for your application.

API Routes

Next.js allows you to create serverless API routes alongside your pages. You can define API endpoints to handle server-side logic and data fetching, making it easy to build backend functionality within your Next.js application.

CSS and Styling

Next.js has built-in support for CSS modules, allowing you to write modular and scoped CSS styles for your components. It also supports popular CSS-in-JS libraries like styled-components and tailwindcss.

Extensive Ecosystem

Next.js has a thriving ecosystem with a large community and extensive documentation. It integrates well with other libraries, frameworks, and tools, making it easy to leverage the existing React ecosystem.

Next.js is widely adopted by developers and companies for its simplicity, performance, and flexibility. It provides a powerful foundation for building modern web applications, whether it's a small project or a large-scale enterprise application.


Interesting Next.js Integrations to Check Out

Wordpress

Integrating WordPress with Next.js allows you to leverage the powerful content management capabilities of WordPress while benefiting from the performance and flexibility of Next.js for building fast and dynamic frontend applications. This integration enables you to create interactive and dynamic websites that consume WordPress data and content.

Blog Tool, Publishing Platform, and CMS - WordPress.org
Open source software which you can use to easily create a beautiful website, blog, or app.

To learn more about integrating WordPress with Next.js, you can explore the following resources:

Next.js Documentation

The official Next.js documentation provides a comprehensive guide on how to integrate Next.js with various CMS platforms, including WordPress. It covers topics such as fetching data from WordPress, dynamic routing, server-side rendering, authentication, and more. Visit the Next.js documentation website at: https://nextjs.org/docs/cms-wordpress

WordPress REST API Handbook

The WordPress REST API Handbook is an official resource that provides detailed documentation on the WordPress REST API. It explains how to interact with the API, retrieve data, authenticate requests, and perform CRUD operations. Understanding the WordPress REST API is crucial for integrating WordPress with Next.js. You can access the handbook here: https://developer.wordpress.org/rest-api/

Next.js Blog Starter Template

Next.js offers a blog starter template that integrates with WordPress. This template demonstrates how to fetch blog posts from a WordPress site and render them using Next.js. You can find the template on the Next.js GitHub repository: https://github.com/vercel/next.js/tree/canary/examples/cms-wordpress

MongoDB - My personal favorite database

MongoDB Atlas – Vercel
Intuitive document-oriented database

Integrating MongoDB with Next.js allows you to use MongoDB as your database solution in a Next.js application. MongoDB is a popular NoSQL database that provides scalability, flexibility, and ease of use for storing and retrieving data.

Datadog

Cloud Monitoring as a Service | Datadog
See metrics from all of your apps, tools & services in one place with Datadog’s cloud monitoring as a service solution. Try it for free.

Datadog a monitoring and analytics platform that helps organizations gain insights and visibility into their applications, infrastructure, and overall performance. It provides a comprehensive set of tools and features to monitor and analyze various aspects of a system, including metrics, logs, traces, and more.

You can find the official documentation for integrating Datadog with Next.js here. This documentation provides detailed instructions on how to instrument your Next.js application with the Datadog tracing library, configure the integration, and utilize Datadog's monitoring and analytics features to gain insights into your Next.js application's performance.

Firebase

Firebase
Firebase is Google’s mobile platform that helps you quickly develop high-quality apps and grow your business.


Next.js can be easily integrated with Firebase to build powerful web applications. Firebase is a popular backend platform that provides a suite of services for developing web and mobile applications, including authentication, real-time database, cloud storage, and more. By combining the features of Next.js and Firebase, you can create dynamic and interactive web applications with ease.

For more information on integrating Next.js with Firebase, you can refer to the official Firebase documentation and the Next.js documentation:

  • Firebase Documentation: You can find detailed information about Firebase's features, setup, and integration with various frameworks, including Next.js, on the Firebase website. Visit the Firebase documentation at: https://firebase.google.com/docs
  • Next.js Documentation: The Next.js documentation provides guidance on building applications with Next.js and covers various topics, including integrating with external APIs and services like Firebase. Visit the Next.js documentation at: https://nextjs.org/docs

Strapi


Next.js and Strapi can be integrated to create a full-stack web application, where Next.js serves as the frontend framework for building the user interface and handling client-side rendering, while Strapi serves as the backend headless CMS (Content Management System) for managing content and providing APIs.

Strapi - Open source Node.js Headless CMS 🚀
Strapi is the next-gen headless CMS, open-source, javascript, enabling content-rich experiences to be created, managed and exposed to any digital device.

Strapi is an open-source headless CMS (Content Management System) that allows you to build, deploy, and manage content-rich websites and applications. As a headless CMS, Strapi focuses on providing a flexible and customizable content management backend without dictating the frontend technology or presentation layer.

Sitecore

Check out Vercel's Vercel and Sitecore landing page. Here's what Vercel says about the tech partnership:

Build and deploy fast web apps, powered by Sitecore solutions like XP, XM, OrderCloud, and Personalize. Combining Sitecore’s solutions with Vercel on the frontend removes the infrastructure complexity required for traditional composable apps and arms your team with a powerful, auto-scaling global edge network for optimal performance.